Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is the specialty of dentistry that diagnoses, prevents, intercepts, and corrects the alignment of the teeth and the dental arches: the maxilla and the mandible. Essentially, while orthodontics entails the management of tooth movement, dentofacial orthopedics involves the guidance of facial growth and development, which occurs largely during childhood, which is why children are the best candidates. Appliances are frequently used — the more familiar braces for orthodontics, clear aligners, and other specialized appliances and expanders depending on what facial abnormalities are present. Sometimes orthopedic treatment may precede conventional treatment, but often the two are used at the same time. So if your child gets braces and a functional appliance, they are actually undergoing orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics.